Hydroquinone, How To Use It Safely On The Skin
Hydroquinone is a chemical that is commonly use as an ingredient in whitening creams. Because it has the ability to inhibit the melanin production process of the skin. Also known as melanin (Melanin), using products containing hydroquinone may help fade acne scars, blemishes and dark spots. Make the skin color more even. But if used carelessly, it can harmful to the skin.
However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires. That the hydroquinone compound in over-the-counter products less than 2% and in Thailand. Hydroquinone is banned in over-the-counter skin care products. Unless the doctor prescribes it to the patient. Because the use of hydroquinone-containing creams without medical supervision or continuous use for a long time may cause skin irritation. Resulting in permanent blue-black blemishes. And may be at risk of skin cancer Learn about the mechanism of action of hydroquinone. How to use it properly and safely in this UFABET.
How does hydroquinone help to even out skin tone?
Melanin is a pigment produced by melanocyte cells. In general, the amount of pigment depends on the gene (gene) or the unit that controls the genetic characteristics of each person. People with high pigmentation have darker skin, hair and eye color than people with low pigmentation. In addition, other factors such as hormonal changes in the body. and exposure to UV rays from sunlight for a long time May stimulate the body to produce more pigment. and cause uneven skin tone problems such as blemishes, freckles and dark spots
Hydroquinone has properties to inhibit the activity of the enzyme tyrosinase (Tyrosinase) in melanocyte cells. Thereby reducing the melanin production process and helping the skin look whiter. However, the use of products containing hydroquinone to treat blemishes, freckles or dark spots may take at least 1 month to begin to see results. And may need to use continuously for several months for effective treatment.
However, commercially available whitening creams often contain more than a certain amount of hydroquinone. And using hydroquinone continuously for a long time may cause side effects on the skin.
How to use hydroquinone safely
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has banned the use of hydroquinone as an ingredient in over-the-counter cosmetics. It is prescribed to mix hydroquinone in the treatment of blemishes, not more than 2% prescribed by a doctor only. If you see a skin product that does not have a Thai label manufacturer not shown and date of manufacture Should not buy such products to use.
Hydroquinone should be used with caution under the supervision of a physician and always read the label. An allergic reaction test should be performed by applying a small amount of hydroquinone to the skin of the inner forearm before use. To monitor for potential side effects within 24 hours, if itching, swelling, redness, or other unusual symptoms occur, hydroquinone should discontinue. and consult a doctor
If tested and no allergies Hydroquinone can be used in the following ways.
- Cleanse and pat dry your face before applying.
- Apply a thin layer on the skin with blemishes , freckles and dark spots. Massage gently to allow the medication to absorb into the skin. Apply 2 times a day or as directed by your doctor. And apply as the first step before applying other skin care products.
- Should not applied to other parts of the skin. especially in areas with thin skin layers around the eyes and mouth
- Wash your hands after each application. To prevent touching other skin areas that cause irritation or touching clothes that may cause stains or stains on clothes
- Apply sunscreen and wear sun protection clothing before you leave the house. Because can make your skin sensitive to light.
Precautions and side effects from using hydroquinone
In general, the use of with the appropriate concentration and duration of use as recommended by a physician is not likely to cause allergic reactions. But during the first use, it may cause dry, red, burning, and itchy skin. In addition, people with the following factors may be more at risk of side effects after using.
- People with dry skin or sensitive skin The irritation may improve after the skin has adapted to the hydroquinone.
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women should not use hydroquinone-containing products.
- Taking other skin medications such as benzoyl peroxide ( Benzoyl Peroxide ), hydrogen peroxide (Hydrogen Peroxide) in combination with May cause hyperpigmentation on the skin.
- Using harsh chemical products such as soaps, shampoos, and hair dyes or products containing alcohol and substances that have astringent effect (Astringent), etc.
- Prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun and tanning booths